Great Throughts Treasury

This site is dedicated to the memory of Dr. Alan William Smolowe who gave birth to the creation of this database.

Kinza M. Hirai, fully Kinza Ringe M. Hirai

Japanese Religious Author and Professor of the Imperial Normal School

"Nirvana is interpreted by Western nations as the actual annihilation of human desire or passion; but this is a mistake. Nirvana is nothing else than universal reason."